Saturday, 1 April 2017

Story creation Technique Video


                                               Story creation technique
                                             HOOK , HOLD and PAYOFF....
                             More information in this video ....

Sunday, 29 January 2017

Tuesday, 16 August 2016

Bajrangi Bhaijaan - Script Analysis


Screen play Graph :                               

Set up:
1.    Shahida aka Munni is soul of this movie. When mother is pregnant with Shahida aka Munni, she happens to watch a cricket match and Pakistan wins that match. Pains start and that leads to delivery of a baby girl, shahida named after a famous cricketer.
Six years later…..
2.    Next scene is a train scene in which Shahida is introduced. When an old lady asks her name, her mother answers and that leads to a flash back.
3.    Flash back 1: There is a scene establishment that Shahida likes little lambs and likes to play with them. Incident: While playing, Shahida accidentally falls from a hill and loses her voice due to fear and many other reasons. Her parents are worried. One Maulvi suggests them that they should visit a dargah in Delhi. Mother decides to take that duty and embarks on the spiritual journey. Between scenes, they establish a subplot that Shahida likes bangles a lot.
4.    While returning to Pakistan, Munni gets down to save a lamb and thereby misses the train.
5.    Munni cries a lot but catches the next train that goes in the same direction but when she gets on the goods train, it changes its direction and reaches kurukshetra in India. Shahida’s mother realizes that Shahida is lost but cannot go back as she already reaches Pakistan. There she complains at a police station.
6.    Shahida gets down from the train and finds Pawan Kumar Chaturvedi(Salman Khan).
7.    Chaturvedi finds Shahida, feed her with parathas and leave her at the hotel. But shahida follows chaturvedi everywhere, so Chaturvedi leaves her at Hanuman Mandir But he changes his heart and takes her along with him.
8.    They go to police station and complain. Shahida plays with handcuffs.
9.    In the bus, all the people in the bus try to guess the place that shahida ( at this point, chaturvedi names her Munni) belongs. When guessing game reach Delhi, he starts narrating his flash back.
10.   Flash back 2: Chaturvedi explains his childhood, his failures in studies and wrestling He keeps failing his degree and once he passes, his father dies of shock.
11.   His father asks him to meet Dayanand. So he rides on a bus to reach Dayanand. In the bus, he meets Rasika (Kareena Kapoor).
12.   He reaches his destination and it is a wrestling place. He helps a guy win in a wrestling match and that guy is Rasika’s father (Sarath Saxena).  He gets to know about the muslims that stay in the neighboring house. Small scenes that leads to love story between the pair. Song follows…
When a marriage alliance come to see Rasika, she tells her dad that she loves Chaturvedi. At this point, Rasika’s father lays a condition that he should build a house in six months, so he can give his daughter’s hand in marriage to chaturvedi.

13.  Present: Bus reaches Delhi and Chaturvedi takes Munni home. There is an argument between Rasika’s father and chaturvedi regarding Munni but chaturvedi decides to help the little girl. Munni’s liking for Non-vegetarian dishes, her prayer in mosque tell the couple about the likes and religion of the girl.
14.   During an India and Pakistan cricket match, it comes as a shock to everyone when Munni rejoices when Pakistan wins a match thereby conforming that she is a Pakistani girl who is lost in India.
15.  Rasika’s father orders to visit Pakistani embassy and see that the girl is dispatched to Pakistan. Due to agitation in the embassy, it is declared that it is closed for a month. As he had no choice, he visits an agent and pays him the money to take Munni to Pakistan.
16.Once he drops Munni, Chaturvedi realizes he misses the little girl and wants to buy her bangles. He purchases bangles and reaches agent’s place. To his shock and horror, he finds out that Munni is being sold as a slave. He thrashes the goons and decided that he, himself will embark on the journey and see that Munni is safe at her home.
17. Chaturvedi and Munni start their journey. They reach Pakistan with the help of an agent. Though he can start going towards Pakistan, he refuses and insists that he takes permission of Pakistan army. He remains adamant and takes the permission, finally and starts his journey towards Pakistan.
18.  Munni and chaturvedi eat in a hotel while police stroll. Munni steals handcuffs and they are taken to police station. Munni identifies her place from a calendar.
19.  Chaturvedi meets chand Nawab(Nawazuddin Siddique), a small time journalist in a local news channel. While he is covering the news at the police station, Rasika in India remembers Chaturvedi and calls him. The head honcho of the news channel rejects the news. The police makes Munni uncomfortable, chaturvedi hits police and runs away from there and board a bus.
20.   Chand Nawab also boards the same bus but when he hears Chaturvedi’s story when he tells the conductor, Chand Nawab decides to help him. When Police stops the bus, people in the bus help the trio by hiding them.
21.  They spend their night in the mosque. Ompuri helps them from police in the morning.  Police take hold of Chand Nawab’s assistant.
22.   The trio take the lift of a guy unknowingly and reaches police station again. They again manage to escape by cheating on the guy who gave them lift.
23.  Song and the escape shots.
24.  Media finally takes notice of the news through chand Nawab. They reach a dargah and mother of Munni is also praying in the same dargah but they won't meet. Chand Nawab takes video of the whole situation of Munni. Munni recognizes her mother who is a passerby in the video.  They take help of a bus driver to know the bus route of her mother and start their journey.
25. Meanwhile, Police also gets to know about their journey and catches their bus. Here, Chaturvedi sacrifices and asks chand Nawab to take munni to her parents and he misguides the police. Chand Nawab shoots the whole situation of Munni running to her mother and upload the video in the internet.
26.  Police catches Chaturvedi and consider him as a spy. They start treating him badly. But due to the video of Chand Nawab, Chaturvedi gains immense popularity.
27.  That video is also watched by Rasika and prompts many Indians and Pakistanis to reach Narowal border where Chaturvedi is going to be released after declared innocent by the officials.
28.  Hundreds of Pakistanis break the wall at the border and hundreds of Indians welcome Chaturvedi. Munni and her family also visit the same place.  Munni finds her voice and calls Chaturvedi as Mamu as she promised him. Finally Chaturvedi meets Munni.
The End

Main Characters:
1.    Pawan Chaturvedi (Salman Khan)
2.    Rasika (Kareena Kapoor)
3.    Sarath Saxena
4.    Shahida/Munni (Harshali Malhotra)
5.    Chand Nawab (Nawazuddin Siddique)

Script Analysis:
A hero in the story of a movie needs
1.    Wants  
2. Desires
In the movie Bhajrangi Bhaijaan,  the character of Chaturvedi gets these two gradually.
Chaturvedi meets Rasika and that leads to love between the pair. That is the normal thing that happens in a personal life of any person.  This happens in every movie that release every Friday.
But, after chaturvedi meets Munni, he WANTS to take Munni to Pakistan and see that she reaches her parents after the agent double crosses chaturvedi and tries to sell Munni as a slave. An irresponsible guy as chaturvedi and the above scene makes him feel responsible for the girl and circumstances make him a dutiful responsible man.  For any story, that part is important. So we empathise with the hero and travel with his story.  Because of the above scene, Chaturvedi has a target and as audience we travel with the hero. In order to achieve his target, his adventures interest the audience. Hero clears all his obstacles and reaches his target. Bhajrangi Bhaijaan succeeds there and audience lapped up the movie.
Hero Characterization:
In the movie, Pawan Kumar chaturvedi character played by Salman khan is an innocent and stubborn guy. He is strong. He is as strong as Hanuman in Ramayana. That’s why he is named Pawan in the movie. Hero is introduced in the movie through a song on Hanuman.
As chaturvedi is an innocent and stubborn guy who refuses to utter a lie faces many problems due to his nature. He does not even lie for the sake of compromise. As the characterization of Hero is such, we sympathise with the character of hero and lap him up.

Audience should either sympathise with hero or empathise with hero.
Sympathy-> Audience are on hero’s side
Empathy-> Audience feel they are Hero
In the movie, we sometimes empathise with hero and some time sympathise with the hero.  We sympathise so much with hero that when chaturvedi and Munni meet in the climax scene, there are very less people who don’t have wet eyes. In the pre-climax scene too, we cry our hearts out when munni meets her parents as that is the main target of the hero of the movie.
Audience gets involved in the movie so much that they travel with the hero from India to Pakistan.  That is the main reason that the story and movie are blockbusters.
Plantings and pay offs:
In order to make the movie a visual treat, there are some narrative technics to be followed. Those are plantings. Those plantings are used in the story as per the need to get the pay offs.
There are three plantings that are used in Bhajrangi Bhaijaan
1.    Lamb
2.    Bangles
3.    Handcuffs
Audience are let known about Munni’s love for Lamb in the first 10 minutes of the story. That planting is used in the story when Munni gets down the train for a lamb and misses the train. This is the starting point of the story.
Munni plays with the handcuffs in India and there by another planting is laid. The same technique is used when Munni does the same thing with the handcuffs in Pakistan, there they go to police station and see the calendar. This is one of the major turning points of the story.
Munni’s love for bangles is shown when she visits dargah in India with her mother. Same planting is used between Chaturvedi and Munni when she steals bangles from a store. When chaturvedi drops Munni at an agent to drop her at Pakistan, he misses her so badly that he buys bangles and returns to the house only to find how they are mishandling Munni. This is the major scene in which Chaturvedi takes the responsibility of Munni.
In order to make the scenes interesting for the audience,  some subplots needs to be told consciously and some subplots subconsciously.
Something leads to something:
 Every incident in the story is linked to another incident in the story. Every incident that occurs leads to another scene. That happened for the story of Bharangi Bhaijaan.
1.    Munni falls from a valley – This incident is the reason for their travel to Delhi.
2.    Lamb Accident- This incident is reason for Munni to miss her train
3.    Goods train- This incident leads Munni to reach Chaturvedi.
4.    There is a lead in flashback when they want to know about the place where Munni belongs.
5.    The scene where everyone know that Munni is from Pakistan.
6.    Incident at Embassy- That leads to the scene with the Agent.
7.    Cheating of Agent- This is where Chaturvedi takes responsibility of Munni
8.    Chaturvedi ‘s Honesty with Pakistan Army- The character of hero is elevated
9.    Stealing of Handcuffs- This incident leads to the scene where Munni recognizes her place.
10.  Media journalist gives information to Police- after Chaturvedi talks to conductor, Chand Nawab changes his opinion and decides to help them
11. Help of Ompuri – Character of Ompuri helps the trio to stay in the mosque. They made the audience feel that only some people doubt Chaturvedi, not everyone in Pakistan.
12. Chand Nawab- Munni’s banana play. The way Munni and Chand Nawab play with banana to get lift from an officer
13.  Chand Nawab’s camera- the videos of Munni and Chaturvedi show the relationship they shared and how sincerely Chaturvedi tried to help Munni
14.   Chaturvedi at Police station- there are intense discussions about chaturvedi in media, India and Pakistan.
15.  Officers play- releasing of chaturvedi, Munni speaks and reconciling of Munni-chaturvedi.
It is very important that there are incidents that lead the story and just not filling the screen time. A cinema is considered pure if the audience feel that they had an “ experience”. That is the main reason that Bhajrangi Bhaijaan laughed all the way to the bank.
Story Narration:
Story is narrated in such a way that Shahida is born, her childhood, journey, missing the train, going to chaturvedi,  going away from chaturvedi,  her journey with Chaturvedi. Till here the story goes on through the point of view of Munni and from Interval the story goes on through the point of view of chaturvedi. Story is narrated such that Chaturvedi, Munni and Chand Nawab linger in the minds of the audience long time after the movie is over.
Opposite force:
There should always be an opposite force for the story to move forward. If there are no plots opposing the journey of hero, audience get bored with the story. In the movie, Police of Pakistan act as opposing force to the journey of hero.
Once Chaturvedi enters Pakistan, the police force of Pakistan is after him. That makes it interesting to watch the chase scenes between both of them.
Advisor or Mentor: Movies often feature an advisor who is a special friend who helps the lead character change or become all they can be. Addition of Nawab Chand’s character in the second half is like a breath of fresh air. He shines in all the scenes that he is in. An innocent and stubborn man like chaturvedi is guided by a well wisher and advisor such as Chand Nawab.  As sri Krishna in Bhagavad gita explained, all tasks doesn’t need brawn, some need brain. This story is classic close of that.
Us Humans are those breed that are born innocent. Once we age and get experience, we get smart . If hero does everything, story can get very heavy and it need many incidents and subplots to prove that. For that story needs a strong character who shows the way for the hero and chand Nawab fits the bill. In the beginning of his characterization, we see him reporting small incidents and by the end of the movie, we observe how calculatedly he fights to see Munni unite her parents. He almost fights a war. He is with truth and he acts as a genuine well wisher for both the countries. In the scene where Chand Nawab shouts about the incident, we feel like clapping in the theaters. So, Chand Nawab is a very important character for this movie.
Parents of Munni complain about missing of Munni in the police station and we never get to see their point of view. If we are shown the point of view of the parents, we would never get to see the heroics of an ordinary man, chaturvedi.  It is shown that Munni reaches her parents after 8 days of missing. As Munni stays with the hero character, audience feel that Munni is safe with him.
What is cinema?
Cinema is a visual feast, an excitement, an experience, an emotional feeling. There are no dry  pair of eyes in theater when Munni and chaturvedi meet in the end.  It is a sentimental journey that acts as a bridge between both countries. Bhajrangi Bhaijaan is a master piece in modern day story telling.

Ghajini- Script Analysis

Aamir Khan:
Aamir Khan is a sensational actor. He looks for different scripts in commercial format and doesjustice to his roles in the movies. He has been creating new image to himself with the roles that he has been doing. His roles in the movies have been different.
1. Though there is no aim for his character, there would be one goal by the end of the movie. Youth gets connected to this point.  Ex: Dil Chahta Hain, Rang de Basanti
2.  His character has a goal from the beginning of the movie. Everyone will get connected to these types of characters. Ex: Sarfarosh, Lagaan
3.   He is one among all and leads the pack. Universal character. Ex: 3 Idiots, Taare Zameen par
4.  Lover character in pure love stories. Ex: Ghajini

New concept +cute love story+revenge format= Ghajini

New concept: Hollywood concept Memento is indianized for this movie. The script is changed as per the tastes of Indian audiences. Screenplay is changed as per the script. Plus point is that the scenes are written very well.
Good cute love story:
Our policy is to put a love story though there is no scope for it. Movie will be a bigger hit if the love story is cute. Love story between Asin and Aamir Khan is really cute. That is the point that is well liked by all. There are repeat audience because of the love story.

Revenge format:
Hero has short term memory loss. How does he avenge the death of villain who killed his lover? That is the point that the audiences waited to see at the beginning of the story.
These are the three points that offered freshness to the script. Apart from that,Aamir Khan’s preparation for the role, his body and six-pack are the added bonuses that led audiences to the theatres.

Screen play Graph :    


Screenplay is good if there is no scope for lazy scenes in the middle and the flow of scenes is sensible and continuous. There will be interest among the audiences if there are twists in the straight narration. Audiences will be curious to know about what is going to happen next if the screenplay is written well. So, most important part of any movie after story is screenplay.

Discussing “Interesting point”:

The main character of Ghajini is Aamir Khan. His role is revealed by another important role of the movie, Jiah Khan in the role of a medico. The doubts that audiences get till that point of the story are asked through Jiah khan’s character. The audiences want to know about the guy in the flash back and what does he do now? 


Curiosity Play: When anybody has any health related problems, he either stays at home or is in the hospital. But when Aamir Khan is introduced, he is shown as roughing up a guy. After he kills that guy, he takes the photo of him and ticks him off. Why does he kill him? That is the question that raises the curiosity of the audiences.  Two of the most important characters are already introduced by this point in the film.

Introducing other important characters:
Someone is murdered. Police came to investigate the murder. A Police inspector comes into the scene and takes up the case. The murdered person belongs to Villain’s gang. Villain also comes to visit the spot. Police inspector gets a clue. 


Main Character’s past is introduced:
Aamir Khan’s role is let known to the audiences through the scene in an auto. After he gets down from Auto, he reaches his home, takes off his shirt and looks at his tattoos on his body. He tries to remember everything but he doesn’t remember anything. So, he feels bad about his situation. After seeing the situation of Aamir Khan, an average viewer will sympathize with the role. When the viewers gets to know that this is the story of a guy who has health problems, it further allows the viewers to sympathize with the role. So, he tends to travel with the role and will feel happy if that role succeeds in his mission.

Police Investigation-1:
Police Inspector found a small clue in the form of Bus ticket. He starts his investigation with a bus ticket. He wants to catch hold of Aamir khan but fails in catching him.

Establishing the relation between Main Character and supporting character:
Hero’s character in the movie has many weaknesses. So, he is going to need strong supporting characters that will travel with hero’s character. He founds ally in the form of Sunitha(Jiah Khan). When she meets Aamir Khan, she meets him and they take a photo together and asks him to write her name as Friend. The friendship between those characters is very important otherwise story of the movie would be stale. (Jiah Khan misunderstands Aamir Khan and she tries to harm him but later knows her mistake and starts helping him) .


Police Investigation-2:
Police Inspector visits the house of Aamir Khan. He hits Aamir Khan and ties him to a chair. He searches the house and finds a dairy. 

Opening of Flash back -1:
Drive 1: Aamir Khan is Sanjay Singhania. He is a very big business magnet. He owns a cell phone company. His company wants to plant a cell phone tower on the top of the house of Kalpana(Asin). When they come to talk to her regarding that issue, her advertising company misunderstand the situation. Kalpana takes advantage of the situation and weaves a love story between sanjay Singhania and her. She starts growing professionally. When a journalist comes for her interview, she tells to him about her alleged love affair. That comes in newspaper and a huge issue arises. 

Sensitive scene-1: When Sanjay hears about those rumors, he wants to warn Kalpana personally. On his way to visit Kalpana, he sees her helping disabled kids innovatively. A soft corner of sorts starts for him. When he sees that the girl he saw on the road is Kalpana, he will not be able to utter a single word against her. He introduces himself as Sachin to her. 

Drive 2: The relationship between Kalpana and Sachin is developed and their journey is shown. 

Sensitive scene 2: Kalpana helps a blind person on the road and tells him about what is happening on the road. Slowly and steadily, Sanjay develops love for Kalpana. Any drama needs a break. That break comes in the form of Kalpana calling Sanjay in place of Sanjay for a New Year party. When the party is over, Sanjay tells I love you to Kalpana. Kalpana answers that she will reply in a day.
Dairy is done.  (So, Audiences now know that Aamir Khan is Sanjay Singhania. They also know about his love story with Kalpana. But they don’t know what Kalpana is going to reply to him tomorrow. )
Flash back-1 End

Once Aamir Khan wakes up from his sleep, he kicks the police inspector. He wants to kill the inspector but his people from the company come to meet him. He talks with them.
After this scene, there is a function in the medical college. Villain is going to attend the event. So, Aamir Khan goes to meet the villain. Because of his health condition, he kills another person instead of villain. That person reveals half the story to villain and dies. Medical student Jiah khan visits Aamir khan in his house. When she sees that a police inspector is seized in his house, she misunderstand Aamir khan and frees Police inspector. Police Inspector dies. There, Jiah khan plays smartly to go away from Aamir khan. Cut.
Villain knows that someone is killing all his people but doesn’t know who that is. Jiah khan visits villain’s house and tells the whole story about Aamir Khan. So, villain now knows all about Aamir khan. That is when the audiences get afraid for Aamir Khan.


Aamir Khan goes to the house of Villain. Jiah Khan tells the address of her hostel to Aamir Khan. When Aamir Khan visits her in the hostel, she shuts him up in lift and informs the police. Police arrests Aamir khan and takes him to police station. 

Flash back-2 open
Jiah khan opens the dairy of Aamir khan. She reads his story. End of 2005 and starting of 2006.

Drive 3: Kalpana tells to Sanjay that she loves him too. She tells about her aim of buying ambassador cars. She shows the photos. Sanjay sees that Kalpana gets a flat as part of promotional strategy. Both of them enter into the flat together. 

Sensitive side-3:
Sanjay tells Kalpana that his mother is unwell. She sells her car and gives the money to him.
After that the pages of the dairy are empty. Jiah khan gets curious and asks around.
Flash back-2 ends

Villain sees Aamir khan in the police station. He thinks smart and cleanly wipes the walls on his house as he doesn’t remember anything. 

When Jiah Khan investigates as what happened to Kalpana and Sanjay, she finds out that when Kalpana was travelling from Goa, she saves many girls from human trafficking. That is the main business of the villain. So, he gets angry and tries to kill Kalpana. He wants to kill both Sanjay and Kalpana. Kalpana dies and Sanjay loses his memory and develops short term memory loss.
Jiah Khan knows her mistakes and wants to help Aamir khan. She tells everything to Aamir Khan. Aamir khan gives a warning to the villain. He directly goes to the villain and hits him badly.  He takes the help of Jiah Khan. 

Hero in Crisis:
When everyone thinks that hero almost won, villain cheats him smartly and changes the topic. Villain tries to kill him and stab him. But it is hero who stabs the villain and kill him. In the end, Aamir khan takes a gift from Jiah Khan (cement slab of his and Kalpana’s feet). He feels emotional and goes away.

Surya did action episodes wonderfully whereas Aamir Khan did the romantic episodes better. 

Three songs in AR Rahman’s music direction are good. Kaisi mujhe song is very good. Behka involves us with the soothing music. Hey Guzarish is wonderfully shot.
Cinematography by Ravi K Chandran is top notch.
Creative clue: we already saw this love track in Nagarjuna’s Murali Krishnudu. That is used well in this movie.
Asin helping disabled people scene is straight out from Amelie. These are some of the points that we know, don’t know how many points we missed and how many murugadoss knows. 

End topic:
Aamir Khan accepts the movie only when he thinks that it is going to entertain the audience. Our heroes agrees to movies in the perspective of fans. Fans are only 10% of any hero’s following or a little more than that. We somehow miss this point and release the movies that satisfy the fans. If the movies are made with good content, it will be a hit irrespective of the hero, heroine, banner and everything that is associated with the movie.